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Wiktionary වෙතින්
අමතර අවධානයට: සහ
U+53F3, 右
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53F3

[U+53F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53F4]

සර්ව භාෂාමය

[සංස්කරණය]
Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
5 strokes

(Kangxi radical 30, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大口 (KR), four-corner 40600, composition 𠂇)

Derived characters

[සංස්කරණය]

මූලාශ්‍ර

[සංස්කරණය]
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 173, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3250
  • Dae Jaweon: page 385, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 569, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53F3
simp. and trad.
alternative forms
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Originally (OC *ɢʷɯs, “right hand”) in the oracle bone script.

In bronze inscriptions, a (“mouth; speech”) component was added, perhaps with the intention of indicating the use of (OC *ɢʷɯs, “again”) is a phonetic loan. In other words, the current form is a phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs) and ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : phonetic (OC *ɢʷɯs, right hand) + semantic .

නිරුක්තිය

[සංස්කරණය]

From Proto-Sino-ටිබෙට් [[Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-ටිබෙට්/ප්‍රකාශන දෝෂය: හඳුනානොගත් විරාම සංකේතය "["#Proto-Sino-ටිබෙට්|*ප්‍රකාශන දෝෂය: හඳුනානොගත් විරාම සංකේතය "["]] (right (hand)) (STEDT). Cognate with ටිබෙට් གཡས (g.yas, right), Jingpho hkra (khʒa⁵⁵, right), බුරුම ယာ (ya), ညာ (nya).

(OC *ɢʷɯʔ, “be friendly; friend”) is the endoactive derivation of (OC *ɢʷɯʔ) (Schuessler, 2007).

(OC *ɢʷɯs, “to aid”), (“(of divinity) to assist; to bless”), (OC *ɢʷɯs, “to pardon; magnanimous”) are exoactive derivations of (OC *ɢʷɯʔ) (ibid.).

“(politics) right-wing”
Semantic loan from ඉංග්‍රීසි right, in turn a semantic loan from ප්‍රංශ droite.

Pronunciation 1

[සංස්කරණය]


Note:
  • iou5 - vernacular;
  • iou4 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jau5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
English right hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15597
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯʔ/

  1. right (direction)
      ―  yòushǒu  ―  right hand
  2. west; areas to the west
  3. (historical) right side as the side of precedence
  4. (politics) right-wing
  5. (chemistry) dextro-
    美沙芬  ―  yòuměishāfēn  ―  dextromethorphan
  6. a surname from ප්‍රංශ
සමාන පද
[සංස්කරණය]
විරුද්ධ පද
[සංස්කරණය]
  • (zuǒ, “left”)

Pronunciation 2

[සංස්කරණය]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jau6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s/ (~ *m-qʷəʔ)
English right hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯs/

  1. සැකිල්ල:† සැකිල්ල:zh-original
  2. සැකිල්ල:† සැකිල්ල:zh-original
  3. සැකිල්ල:† to take somebody's side
  4. සැකිල්ල:† (to urge somebody to eat or drink)යන යෙදුමෙහි වෙනත් ආකාරයකි.
Sino-Xenic ():
  • ජපන්: () (u); (ゆう) ()
  • කොරියානු: 우(右) (u)
  • වියට්නාම: hữu ()

Others:

  • Bouyei: gvaz (right)
  • ලාඕ: ຂວາ (khuā, right)
  • Lü: ᦧᦱ (ẋwaa, right)
  • Northern Thai: ᨡ᩠ᩅᩣ (right)
  • Shan: ၶႂႃ (khwǎa, right)
  • තායි: ขวา (kwǎa, right)
  • Zhuang: gvaz (right)

මූලාශ්‍ර

[සංස්කරණය]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. right
  2. conservative
  3. right-wing, right fielder
  4. respect for
  5. aid, assist, counsel

නිරුක්තිය 1

[සංස්කරණය]
Kanji in this term
みぎ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

උච්චාරණය

[සංස්කරණය]
  • [mìgí] (Heiban – [0])[1][2] general
  • [míꜜgì] (Atamadaka – [1])[1] “the above statement, foregoing”
  • IPA(key): [mʲiɡʲi]

නාම පදය

[සංස්කරණය]

(みぎ) (migi

  1. right (direction)
    (わたし)(みぎ)()()えない。
    Watashi wa migi no me ga mienai.
    I can't see with my right eye.
    • 1999 ජූලි 22, “:සැකිල්ල:ruby [Right Leg of the Sealed One]”, in Vol.4, Konami:
      (ふう)(いん)された(みぎ)(あし)(ふう)(いん)()くと、()(げん)(ちから)()られる。
      Fūinsareta migiashi. Fūin o toku to, mugen no chikara o erareru.
      A sealed right leg. Whosoever breaks the seal shall earn infinite power.
  2. (in vertical writing of Japanese, with columns running right to left) the above statement, foregoing
  3. (politics) the right wing, a rightist
  4. (historical) a superior during in the Chinese Warring States period
    Synonym: 上位 (jōi)
විරුද්ධ පද
[සංස්කරණය]
ව්‍යුත්පන්න යෙදුම්
[සංස්කරණය]

නිරුක්තිය 2

[සංස්කරණය]
Kanji in this term
みぎり
Grade: 1
irregular

The final (ri) is likely by analogy with its antonym (hidari, left).[3]

නාම පදය

[සංස්කරණය]

(みぎり) (migiri

  1. (archaic) Same as みぎ (migi) above

නිරුක්තිය 3

[සංස්කරණය]
Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: 1
kan’on

The “right (direction)” and “respect, esteem, value” senses are from Middle චීන (MC ɦɨuX).

The “aid, assist” sense is from Middle චීන / (MC ɦɨuH).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

උච්චාරණය

[සංස්කරණය]

(ゆう) (いう (iu)?

  1. right (direction)
  2. respect; esteem; value
  3. (, aid; assist)යන යෙදුමෙහි වෙනත් ආකාරයකි.

නිරුක්තිය 4

[සංස්කරණය]
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
goon

From Middle චීන (MC ɦɨuX).

The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

උච්චාරණය

[සංස්කරණය]

() (u-

  1. right (direction)
  2. (politics) right-wing
  3. (baseball) right fielder
  4. (history, government) "of the right", junior or subordinate to (sa-, of the left)
    ()()(もん)
    Uemon
    the Gate Guard of the Right
    ()(だい)(じん)
    Udaijin
    the Minister of the Right

මූලාශ්‍ර

[සංස්කරණය]
  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (දයිජිරින්), තෙවන සංස්කරණය (ජපන් බසින්), තෝක්‍යෝ: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK ජපන් උච්චාරණ ඇක්සන්ට් ශබ්දකෝෂය) (ජපන් බසින්), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

කොරියානු

[සංස්කරණය]

නිරුක්තිය 1

[සංස්කරණය]

(eumhun 오른쪽 (oreunjjok u))

  1. Hanja form? of (right (direction)).

නිරුක්තිය 2

[සංස්කරණය]

(eumhun 도울 (doul u))

  1. Hanja form? of (to help; to aid; to assist; to give a hand).

: Hán Nôm readings: hữu

  1. right (direction)
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