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ඉංග්‍රීසි විකිපීඩියාව සතුව මෙයට අදාළ ලිපි ඇත:
Wikipedia Wikipedia
Major dialects of German and the Germanic languages across Central Europe, Scandinavia, and the British Isles
Cities and states of Germany


From Middle English Germanie, from Old English Germanie & Germania, from ලතින් Germānia (land of the Germans), from Germānī, a people living around and east of the Rhine first attested in the 1st century B.C.E. works of Julius Caesar and of uncertain etymology. The exonym was said by Strabo to derive from germānus (close kin; genuine), making it cognate with germane and german, but this seems unsupported. Attempts to derive it from Germanic or Celtic roots since the 18th century[1] are all problematic,[2] although it is perhaps cognate with the Old Irish gair (neighbour).[3] Doublet of Germania.

In reference to a medieval kingdom, English Germany is usually an anachronism using the Roman name to describe the area or calquing various ලතින් terms like rex Teutonicorum ("king of the Teutons"), which were often derogatory exonyms rather than formal titles.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɜː.mə.ni/
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  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɝ.mə.ni/
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Proper noun

Germany (countable and uncountable, plural Germanies or Germanys)

  1. A country in Central Europe


භාවිත සටහන්

Presently, Germany usually refers to Federal Republic of Germany;[2] historical senses other than the German Empire, Weimar Germany, and Nazi Germany are usually distinguished. Historically, the extent of "Germany" was a contentious issue known in the 19th century as "The German Question". The area more often described an ethnic region than a polity into the 16th century, with Old English Germanie even occasionally being used to refer to the areas of England held by the Saxons, Angles, etc.[2] As late as the 19th century, the political area considered "Germany" might include or exclude areas such as Austria, Königsberg, Switzerland, or even non-German parts of the Austrian Empire depending on the speaker and context. During the period of division between 1949 and 1990, either West or East Germany might be referenced as simply "Germany" depending on context, although English use typically referenced the West. See also the continuing use of Korea to refer primarily to South Korea.




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  1. See, for example, the variety of derivations cited at "Germans" in the Rev. George William Lemon's English Etymology (1788).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "German, adj. and n", in: Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed.. Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2012.
  3. "German", in: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1996.
  4. Herman Kinder, Penguin Atlas of World History, Vol. I, 1988, p. 108.



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