Wiktionary වෙතින්



First attested around 1380. From Middle English absteynen, absteinen, abstenen, from Old French astenir, abstenir, from ලතින් abstineō (to hold oneself back) from abs- (from) + teneō (I hold). See also tenable.



abstain (third-person singular simple present abstains, present participle abstaining, simple past and past participle abstained)

  1. (transitive, reflexive, obsolete) Keep or withhold oneself. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the mid 16th century.][1]
  2. (intransitive) Refrain from (something or doing something); keep from doing, especially an indulgence. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
    In order to improve his health, Rob decided to abstain from smoking.
    (මෙම usage example සඳහා වන සිංහල පරිවර්තනය එක් කිරීමට කාරුණික වන්න)
    • 22 May 1948, United Nations, Security Council Resolution 49
      The Security Council [] calls upon all Governments and authorities, without prejudice to the rights, claims or positions of the parties concerned, to abstain from any hostile military action in Palestine and to that end to issue a cease-fire order to their military and paramilitary forces
    • 1597, Shakespeare, Richard II, II-i:
      Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt?
      (මෙම quotation සඳහා වන සිංහල පරිවර්තනය එක් කිරීමට කාරුණික වන්න)
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) Fast (not eat for a period). [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
  4. (intransitive) Deliberately refrain from casting one's vote at a meeting where one is present. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
    I abstain from this vote, as I have no particular preference.
    (මෙම usage example සඳහා වන සිංහල පරිවර්තනය එක් කිරීමට කාරුණික වන්න)
  5. (transitive, obsolete) Hinder; keep back; withhold. [Attested from the early 16th century until the mid 17th century.][1]

භාවිත සටහන්

  • (keep or withhold oneself): Followed by the word from or of.
  • (refrain from something): Followed by the word from.


සමාන පද

ව්‍යුත්පන්න යෙදුම්

ආශ්‍රිත යෙදුම්



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abstain”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 9.



"https://si.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=abstain&oldid=39157" වෙතින් සම්ප්‍රවේශනය කෙරිණි