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Module:si-translit

Wiktionary වෙතින්

This module will transliterate සිංහල භාෂාව text. It is also used to transliterate පාලි and සංස්කෘත. The module should preferably not be called directly from templates or other modules. To use it from a template, use {{xlit}}. Within a module, use Module:languages#Language:transliterate.

For testcases, see Module:si-translit/testcases.

tr(text, lang, sc)
Transliterates a given piece of text written in the script specified by the code sc, and language specified by the code lang.
When the transliteration fails, returns nil.

local gsub = mw.ustring.gsub
local export = {}

local consonants = {
	['ක']='k' , ['ඛ']='kh' , ['ග']='g' , ['ඝ']='gh' , ['ඞ']='ṅ' , ['ඟ']='ⁿg' , ['ච']='c' , ['ඡ']='ch' , ['ජ']='j' , ['ඣ']='jh' , 
	['ඤ']='ñ' , ['ඥ']='gn' , ['ඦ']='ⁿj' , ['ට']='ṭ' , ['ඨ']='ṭh' , ['ඩ']='ḍ' , ['ඪ']='ḍh' , ['ණ']='ṇ' , ['ඬ']='ⁿḍ' ,
	['ත']='t' ,  ['ථ']='th' , ['ද']='d' , ['ධ']='dh' , ['න']='n' , ['ඳ']='ⁿd' , 
	['ප']='p' , ['ෆ']='f' , ['ඵ']='ph' , ['බ']='b' , ['භ']='bh' , ['ම']='m' , ['ඹ']='ᵐb' , ['ය']='y' , ['ර']='r' , ['ල']='l' , ['ව']='w' , 
	['ශ']='ś' , ['ෂ']='ṣ' , ['ස']='s' , ['හ']='h' , ['ළ']='ḷ' , ['ෆ']='f'
}

local diacritics = {
	['ා'] = 'ā',
	['ැ'] = 'æ',
	['ෑ'] = 'ǣ',
	['ි'] = 'i',
	['ී'] = 'ī',
	['ු'] = 'u',
	['ූ'] = 'ū',
	['ෙ'] = 'e',
	['ේ'] = 'ē', 
	['ෛ'] = 'ai', 
	['ො'] = 'o', 
	['ෝ'] = 'ō', 
	['ෞ'] = 'au',
	['ෘ'] = 'r̥',
	['ෟ'] = 'l̥', 
	['ෲ'] = 'r̥̄', 
	['ෳ'] = 'l̥̄',
	['්'] = ''
}
local tt = {
	-- vowels
	['අ']='a' ,  ['ආ']='ā' ,  ['ඇ']='æ' ,   ['ඈ']='ǣ' ,  ['ඉ']='i' ,  ['ඊ']='ī' ,  ['උ']='u' ,  ['ඌ']='ū' , 
	['එ']='e' ,  ['ඒ']='ē' ,  ['ඓ']='ai' ,  ['ඔ']='o' ,  ['ඕ']='ō' ,  ['ඖ']='au' , 
	['ඍ']='r̥' ,  ['ඎ']='r̥̄' ,  ['ඏ']='l̥' ,  ['ඐ']='l̥̄' ,     
	-- other symbols
	['ං']='ṁ' , -- anusvara
	['ඃ']='ḥ' ,  -- visarga
	['්']='' ,  --hal kirīma, suppresses the inherent vowel "a"
	-- punctuation
	['෴']='.' ,  -- kunddaliya (obsolete)    
}

-- translit any words or phrases
function export.tr(text, lang, sc)
	local u = mw.ustring.char
	if type(text) == 'table' then
		text = text.args[1]
		lang = text.args[2]
		sc   = text.args[3]
	end
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, -- Handle conjunct and touching clusters.
		'['..u(0x200d, 0x0dca)..']['..u(0x200d, 0x0dca)..']',
		{[u(0x200d, 0x0dca)] = u(0x0dca), [u(0x0dca, 0x200d)] = u(0x0dca)})
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(
		text,
		'([කඛගඝඞඟචඡජඣඤඥඦටඨඩඪණඬතථදධනඳපපඵබභමඹයරලවශෂසහළෆ])'..
		'([\224\183\153\224\183\146\224\183\156\224\183\148\224\183\144\224\183\146\224\183\143\224\183\154\224\183\157\224\183\150\224\183\145\224\183\147\224\183\152\224\183\159\224\183\178\224\183\179\224\183\155\224\183\158\224\183\138]?)',
		function(c, d)
			if d == "" then        
				return consonants[c] .. 'a'
			else
				return consonants[c] .. diacritics[d]
			end
		end)
	
	text = gsub(text, '.', tt)
	if (lang == 'pi' or lang =='sa') then -- Convert to IAST.
		text = gsub(text, '.'..mw.ustring.char(0x325)..'?'..mw.ustring.char(0x304)..'?',
                   {['ṁ'] = 'ṃ', ['w'] = 'v', ['r̥'] = 'ṛ', ['r̥̄']='ṝ', ['l̥']='ḷ', ['l̥̄']='ḹ'})
	end
	return text
end
 
return export
"https://si.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Module:si-translit&oldid=27271" වෙතින් සම්ප්‍රවේශනය කෙරිණි